Introduction to High Pressure Autoclave Reactor
FCF high pressure autoclave reactor is a container used for high pressure and high temperature reactions in chemistry and material science. An autoclave usually consists of a cylindrical chamber made of a strong, corrosion-resistant material such as stainless steel, and equipped with a sealing mechanism to prevent the escape of reactants or products. It is a closed system designed to withstand high pressure up to 22Mpa and high temperature up to 350°C.
Models of High Pressure Autoclave Reactor:
The capacity is 0.1L, the set temperature is 350°C, and the temperature control accuracy is ±1°C
The capacity is 1L, the set temperature is 350°C, and the temperature control accuracy is ±1°C
The capacity is 5L, the set temperature is 350°C, and the temperature control accuracy is ±1°C
The capacity is 20L, the set temperature is 350°C, and the temperature control accuracy is ±1°C
(Above are some models, please consult us for more other models!)
Structure of High Pressure Autoclave Reactor
High Pressure Vessels:
Vessels are usually made of stainless steel or other high-strength materials.
Pressure control system:
To ensure that the high pressure autoclave reactor maintains a specific pressure range throughout the reaction process, usually including a pressure control system to regulate the pressure in the vessel.
Heating and Cooling Systems:
Many high pressure autoclave reactors include a heating and cooling system to control the reaction temperature.
To ensure that the reactants are well and evenly mixed, many high pressure autoclave reactors include a stirring system with a stir bar or a magnetic stirrer.
Pressure Relief Valves, Rupture Discs, and Temperature Sensors:
Autoclave reactors are often equipped with various safety features designed to prevent the vessel from becoming overpressurized or overheated.
The high pressure autoclave reactor includes a sampling port that enables researchers to monitor the reaction and take samples during the process.
Application of High Pressure Autoclave Reactor
High pressure autoclave reactors are widely used in the chemical and materials science industries because of their ability to provide controlled conditions for chemical reactions and to safely handle highly reactive and hazardous chemicals.
High pressure autoclave reactors are used in a variety of chemical and materials processing applications, including polymerization, hydrogenation, oxidation, and many other chemical reactions requiring high pressure and temperature.
Such as the production of nanomaterials, and the study of high-pressure phase behavior of materials.
Installation and Use
( 1 ) Installation site:
The high pressure autoclave reactor should be installed in a high-pressure operating room that meets explosion-proof requirements. When multiple reactors are equipped, they should be placed separately and kept well ventilated.
(2) After opening the package
Check whether the equipment is damaged, install the equipment according to the structure diagram according to the equipment model, and check the accessories according to the packing list. If the heating method is electric heating with heat transfer oil, there is no heat transfer oil in the jacket of the equipment. When using it, please purchase the corresponding type of heat transfer oil according to the operating temperature (note: the heat transfer oil must not contain water).
(3) Installation and sealing of kettle body and kettle cover:
The main sealing port of the reactor adopts the gasket or the line contact between the conical surface and the arc surface. By tightening the main nut, they are pressed against each other to achieve a good sealing effect. When tightening the nut, it must be tightened diagonally and symmetrically for many times. , the force is uniform, and the lid of the kettle is not allowed to tilt to one side to achieve a good sealing effect; when the lid of the kettle is removed, the lid of the kettle should be slowly lifted up and down, and it is strictly forbidden to disassemble under pressure. collision.
pressure gauges and safety valves are installed by tightening the positive and negative nuts to achieve the sealing effect. Graphite blended with oil to avoid galling.
(5) After the equipment is installed:
Inject a certain amount of nitrogen gas and keep the pressure for 30 minutes, check for leaks, if any leaks are found, use soap foam to find the leakage point of the pipeline and nozzle, release the gas after finding out, and tighten it, and then pass in nitrogen gas for a pressure-holding test again to ensure Start working normally after no leaks.
(6) Installation device:
It adopts arched metal bursting disc, made of stainless steel, manufactured according to the national standard GBV567-89 “Technical Conditions for Arched Metal Bursting Disc”, it has been tested before leaving the factory, and it is not allowed to be adjusted arbitrarily. If it is blasted and needs to be replaced again, the replacement period is determined by the user unit according to the actual situation of the unit.
( 7 ) After the reaction is completed:
Cool down first, and then release the gas in the kettle to the outside through the pipeline to reduce the pressure in the kettle to normal pressure. Disassembly under pressure is strictly prohibited, and then the main bolts and nuts are symmetrically loosened and removed, and then carefully removed The lower kettle cover (or the raised kettle cover) is placed on the bracket, and special attention should be paid to protecting the sealing surface of the kettle body and the kettle cover during the cover removal process.
(8) Cleaning inside the kettle:
After each operation, use a cleaning solution (care should be taken to avoid corrosion of the main material when using the cleaning solution) to remove the residues on the kettle body and sealing surface. It should be cleaned frequently and kept clean. It is not allowed to use hard substances or objects with rough surfaces for cleaning.
|Model||Capacity (L)||Setting Pressure (MPa)||Setting Temperature (℃)||Heating Power (kW)||Stirring Torque (N. cm)||Voltage (V/Hz)|
Q: What types of reactions can be performed in an autoclave reactor?
A: A wide range of chemical reactions can be performed in the high pressure autoclave reactor, including hydrothermal synthesis, polymerization, oxidation, hydrogenation, etc. The specific type of reaction will depend on the nature of the reactants, temperature and pressure conditions.
Q: What is the difference between an autoclave reactor and a normal pressure vessel?
A: The main difference between High pressure autoclave reactor and normal pressure vessel is the ability to operate under high pressure conditions. Autoclave reactors are designed to withstand pressures significantly higher than normal atmospheric pressure, allowing reactions not possible in conventional pressure vessels. They often also include other features, such as heating and cooling systems, stirring systems, and safety features.